Understanding of Sandalwood

Sandalwood is the fragrant wood of trees in the genus Santalum. Species of this tree are found in southern India, Sri Lanka, Hawaii, South Pacific islands and Australia. It is used as fragrance in perfume; incense and for woodworking. Some temples have been built with sandalwood in India and these retain the aroma for centuries. Jewelry boxes, fans, and ornate carvings continue to be made in many parts of Asia, especially in China & India.

Indian Sandalwood

Santalum Album (Indian sandalwood), is a valuable tree associated with Indian culture. It is the most valuable wood in the world. It can be found mostly in the southern region of India, especially Karnataka, Tamil Nadu and Kerala. The heartwood of the tree is treasured for its aroma and is one of the finest natural materials for carving.

Hawaiian Sandalwood

Santalum Paniculatum (Hawaiian sandalwood), were used and considered high quality of sandalwood and endemic species to Hawaii island only. This species is found in dry forest areas on lava substrates or on cinder cones up to higher elevations in more humid forest, or in secondary Metrosideros forest from about 450 m to 2550 m (1480–8360 ft) in elevation. Chinese used the fragrant heart wood for incense, medicinal purposes, for architectural details and carved objects.


Australian Sandalwood

Santalum Spicatum (Australian sandalwood), It is one of four species of the family Santalaceae to occur in Western Australia, which also used by some aromatherapists and perfumers. Australian sandalwood is a small tree (up to 4m) that occurs naturally in the southern half of WA extending south from the Hamersley Ranges, east beyond the border with SA and south to the south coast. Natural stands of sandalwood were common in the Wheat belt before agricultural clearing, but today the harvesting is mainly confined to the range lands.



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